Osteoporosis causes fragile bones prone to fracture. There are three types of osteoporosis:
Type 1 = Generally affects women after menopause (due to hormonal changes in the body)
Type 2 = Affects men and women who are above the age of 75
Type 3 = Affects men and women of any age. Due to pre-existing medical conditions or prolonged use of steroids.
Symptoms & Causes of Osteoporosis
As a silent condition, osteoporosis can inflict multiple fractures in the body with little or no symptoms beforehand. The wrist, spine, and hip are the most common areas to break. A small percentage of people may have back or hip pain before a fracture. Dull aches in the bones or muscles, particularly the low back or neck, and sharp pains may develop as the condition develops. The pain is made worse by activity that puts weight on the area and is accompanied by tenderness.
Other symptoms include a loss of height greater than 2 cm or a change in body shape, such as developing a hump on the back.
The specific cause of osteoporosis is not known, but several factors increase the risk for this condition:
A family history of osteoporosis
Estrogen deficiency following menopause
Modifiable risk factors are:
Drinking more than three units of alcohol a day
A poor diet (deficiency of vitamin D and consuming too much soft drinks)
Treatment for Osteoporosis
Our physiotherapists at Fizo Kare Physiotherapy Centre will help to strengthen the bones and muscles to prevent any further bone thinning, reducing falls and pain management. We will also help to improve balance to reduce the risk of falling. In addition, we will assist patients in regaining the body's functionality after a fracture has occurred.